About cataracts

What is it?

When the normally clear lens inside your eye becomes cloudy, this is known as a cataract. Having a cataract is like looking through a dirty window. Cataracts range from very small to large in size and can cause vision loss.  While most cataracts are found in people over the age of 50, cataracts can occur in younger people.

Symptoms of cataract may include a gradual painless decrease in vision, hazy vision, increase sensitivity to glare & even double vision.

Normal Vision

Normal Vision



Who is at Risk

  • Increasing age
  • Diabetes
  • Excessive exposure to sunlight
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Previous eye injury or inflammation
  • Previous eye surgery
  • Prolonged use of corticosteroid medications
  • Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol


Special tints can often improve vision and UV protection can help to slow development of this condition.

Your optometrist will guide you when cataract surgery is right for you. For most people, there is no rush to remove cataracts as they are normally slow growing, however people with uncontrolled diabetes can have a more rapid growth.

If you choose not to undergo cataract surgery now, your optometrist will recommend periodic follow-up exams to see if your cataracts are progressing.

Mature Cataracts

Mature Cataracts

Age Related Cataracts

Age Related Cataracts


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